Kalla Fakta: MH 370 – The Lost Flight (Eng subs)

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We live in a world of surveillance. But
on 8 March, the unthinkable happened: A full aeroplane
vanished without a trace. The fate of flight MH370 has riveted
the whole world, and theories abound. The industry must adopt new technology
and routines so this won’t happen again. The aviation world will forever be
changed by the plane that disappeared. Arlanda is Sweden’s biggest airport. Nearly 30 million passengers
pass through here every year. We want flying to be safe. So we’re
shaken when a plane just disappears. It’s over a month since Malaysia
Airlines flight MH370 vanished. It’s a mystery that
intrigues the whole world. It’s a unique event in aviation history. Despairing family members
get no answers. I’ve never seen anything like it.
It’s a mystery. At first it was thought
to have been a terrorist attack. But more and more experts now agree
that the cause can be something as simple as batteries. Lithium batteries can spontaneously
overheat and trigger a fire. MH370 – THE PLANE
THAT DISAPPEARED Beijing, 8 March, 6.30 a.m. People await the passengers on
Malaysia Airlines flight MH370, from Kuala Lumpur. But the plane doesn’t arrive.
First they are told that the plane is late. But soon it is clear that it’s much worse. They are taken to a hotel,
still unaware of what’s happened. My son was on a business trip.
The airline is hiding things from us! It was just after midnight on 8 March. MH370, a Boeing 777,
took off from Kuala Lumpur for a six-hour flight to Beijing. An hour later, just as the plane
left Malaysian airspace, the co-pilot said good night and
terminated contact with traffic control. It was the last word heard
from any of the 239 people aboard. Frustrated airline representatives
had to announce the plane was missing. An international search effort began.
Many vessels took to the seas. In the air, planes searched
along the entire planned flight path. But they were fumbling in the dark.
The area was huge and the clues few. Suddenly, new, shocking
information was released. The investigators claimed that
someone on board was involved. They also said the plane
had banked sharply left just after breaking contact
with traffic control. The course change confused the
investigators and experts in Sweden. Hans Kjäll was an airline safety analyst
at the Swedish Transport Agency. Today he is an independent consultant
in the same field. There is no real explanation
at the moment as to why they banked left
and descended sharply. The question is
what caused the disappearance. There are many
speculations and theories. Hans Landström, pilot and psychologist,
has investigated human error in crashes. It flew east, it flew west,
wreckage has been found… It flew high, it flew low, there were
terrorists… Any number of theories. One theory is that it was an act of terror,
like the one in Lockerbie in 1988, when a Pan Am plane was blown up
with 270 people on board. So they’re looking at terrorism
and at a suicide theory. After two days, investigators released
pictures from airport surveillance. Two passengers had boarded
with false passports. Pouria Nour Mohammed Mahread
and Syed Mohammed Reza Delavar were filmed boarding
with stolen passports. Initially, the two imposters
seemed important. The sudden disappearance
led to thoughts of terrorism, but many details point
away from that theory. If it had been a terrorist act
or a hijacking, I would expect that those
who did it had some goal. If so, they would have made public
that “we’re behind this”, or someone would have left a note.
But as far as I know there’s nothing. Soon new information emerged about
the people with the stolen passports. Malaysian police said one of
the men sought asylum in Europe. At the same time, the pilots
were thoroughly investigated. As regards the crew, we always
look at what condition they were in, if they were able to fly the plane safely. These are the last pictures of the pilots as they passed through security
at the Kuala Lumpur airport. The first thing you do is have doctors
do a 72-hour patient history. You try to map out the past 72 hours.
How they slept, what they ate and so on. The captain on MH370, Zaharie
Ahmad Shah, was an experienced pilot. He’d been with the airline since 1981
and was a respected professional. Ahmad Shah was an aviation enthusiast.
He even had his own flight simulator, in which he could fly a Boeing 777,
among others. But the police analysis
of Shah’s flight simulator has not been able to explain
what may have happened to MH370. And pilot suicides are not common. That is an extremely rare
cause of this kind of event. There is nothing that supports
that hypothesis in this case. The disappearance of MH370
continues to be a mystery. But increasingly it seems the disaster
may be due to something very simple: Batteries. Malaysian Airlines Flight MH370
disappeared without a trace. Days go by and
the families’ desperation grows. On day eight, a press conference
was held in Kuala Lumpur. Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak
confirmed the dramatic course change. Malaysian military radar picked up
the plane and its drastic course change. Investigators stated that the course change was likely a
conscious action by someone on board. Then theWall Street Journal
released astonishing new data. Boeing’s maintenance system
shows that the plane may have flown not just four, but seven
hours after disappearing from radar. This new information cast even more
doubt on the terrorist attack theory. Instead, it indicated that the plane
was in an emergency situation. In June 2009, Air France 447, an Airbus,
disappeared over the Atlantic. The control system failed, and they
did the wrong thing trying to correct it. The plane stalled in the air
and started spiralling down. The wings broke off and the plane
disintegrated into tiny pieces. In the Air France case, the pilots failed
to solve a technical error on the plane. Could something similar
have happened here? It took two years for the French plane’s
flight recorders to be salvaged so the truth could be known. MH370 was a Boeing 777, or “triple 7”. This is the world’s biggest twin-engine
jetliner, introduced in 1995. Mechanical errors are rare. It is considered one of
the world’s safest planes. In fact, most planes are very safe. But
this type has had very few accidents. When MH370 took off from Kuala
Lumpur, weather conditions were ideal. So what can have happened? Malaysian radar data shows
that the plane’s new course headed towards an airport
in northern Malaysia. Were the pilots attempting
an emergency landing? This course leads to an airport
on Malaysia’s coast. It’s close to the water
with very few obstacles, which minimises risk on landing. The radar also indicates that
the plane did a rapid descent. This supports the theory of
an emergency situation on board. If so, they did exactly what
they should do in an emergency: Descend to a breathable altitude. What kind of disaster may have occurred
that caused the plane to lose contact and forced the pilots to change course
and altitude so suddenly? Hans Kjäll is part of an international
network of aviation inspectors. More and more of them think a fire
may be the cause of the disappearance. A system error like this could have been caused
by a sudden outbreak of fire in the central console in the cockpit,
where all the vital equipment is. Control systems,
communication systems, transponders. A fire on board is a clear danger, and
they’re more common than you’d think. One type of fire in particular is known
to have caused plane crashes. Lithium batteries
being transported on a plane can spontaneously overheat due to
a power surge in the battery. The temperatures can get so high
that a fire breaks out. And those fires are very hard to put out. The U.S. Federal Aviation
Administration’s incident database contains 141 reported fires
caused by lithium batteries. They are found in nearly all
everyday electronics. And in a few famous cases, these fires
have led to serious airline accidents. One example was on
a cargo plane in Dubai in 2010. It led to an intense fire that wiped out
all the cockpit systems – and the pilots. MH370 was in fact carrying
a load of lithium batteries. A 200 kg parcel was loaded
“in an approved manner”. This may mean that they were in
the cargo space right under the cockpit. The fire generates so much heat that it
even burns through the aluminium walls in the plane. So it burns up into the
cockpit, and burns a hole down as well. If the lithium fire theory is correct, it
paints a terrible fate for the passengers. The oxygen system has a limited
supply. Then the oxygen runs out. And if the plane is flying at 23,000 feet?
Everyone will lose consciousness. Maybe even die. You could say that
the plane became a runaway machine. There was a case in 2005,
the Helios Airways accident in Greece, where hypoxia, or a lack of oxygen,
incapacitated the crew and passengers. The plane kept going on autopilot until
it ran out of fuel. So there are examples of this kind of thing. But that time,
they knew where the plane was. What really happened is still a mystery.
There is very little information to go on. Then, a week ago, four weeks
after MH370 disappeared, an Australian vessel picked up
an ultrasound signal at 37.5 kHz, a frequency only used
by flight recorders. They contain all technical data about
the flight and the pilots’ communication. We already know that MH370
will forever change the face of aviation. I think there will be a new system where
all flights will be tracked everywhere. We may even transfer data from
the black boxes to the mainland for emergency access. I think we’ll see
many technological changes after this. It’s just not acceptable for a plane to
be lost without a trace for over a month. For the families of the missing
passengers, the nightmare continues. The signal from the black box
has been traced to a point 4500 m
under the surface of the Indian Ocean. There lies the answer to what happened
to Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370. Subtitles:
Jennifer Evans
Svensk Medietext The full-length documentary
The Flight MH370 Disaster will be on TV4 Fakta at 11 tonight. Next week’s Kalla Fakta takes up where
the gold on your finger comes from. If you bring nice stuff,
then we can do business. If the gold is melted, it’s impossible
to trace. It’s that simple. – Are you the police?
– No. You want me to trust you?

 

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